Surabaya is the main city and capital of East Java province, Indonesia. This is the second biggest city Jakarta, known as the capital city of Indonesia. Surabaya has a population of nearly seven million, famous as the center of business, industry, commerce, and education area in Java and beyond. Surabaya is very much well known as The Heroes City because it plays an important role in Indonesia's independence history to struggle against the Dutch Colonial invaders. Surabaya word was taken from Javanese myth animal battle between Sura and Buaya or Shark and Crocodile.
At the Indies Netherlands period time, Surabaya residency status as the capital of Surabaya, whose territory also includes of Sidoarjo, Mojokerto, Jombang, and Gresik districts. Surabaya got to class as municipalities and regions in 1926, established as the provincial capital of Surabaya. Surabaya city has been changed and grown becomes the second largest business city in Indonesia after Jakarta.
Surabaya was just revolved around Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge but until 1920 the growth of new residential areas such as Gubeng, Darmo, Sawahan, and Ketabang. Modern port facilities were built in 1917 and that made this city getting busier as the center of economics in East Java.