Surakarta is also called Solo, the second largest city in Central Java province and the tenth largest city in Indonesia. The east side of the city passed a river immortalized in a song titled of Bengawan Solo. Solo city is one of tourist destination and has tourism slogan "The Spirit Of Java". Expected to build a view of Solo city as the centre of Javanese culture. The life style is similar with Yogyakarta people, but Solo has a lot more big building and commercial city.

The establishment of Solo is inseparable from Islamic Mataram kingdom history, because Solo was once of government seats, after removal of Kartasura Palace in 1745. After the division of Mataram due Giyanti agreement, which Solo as its administrative territory Mataram Tamerlane. Agreement Salatiga 1753 made ​​the city divided into two parts: the South East to the North of Surakarta and Mangkunegaran. Unification of the new city government took place during Indonesia stands.

Solo became tourist destination spot and offers some interesting sights such as: Mangkunegaran and Kasunanan palaces, Triwindu antique market, Central Wholesale Solo or PGS market, Klewer market and nature located in the eastern side and some of natural tourist attractions are: Sukuh and Ceto temples, Grojokan Sewu and Jumoh waterfall.