Lombok is an island in Lesser of Sunda, Nusa Tenggara. It separated by Lombok’s straits and Bali in western Sebelat Alas Strait, east of Sumbawa Island. The island is roughly spherical with kind of tail at southwest side whose length is approximately 70 kilometres. This Island area reaches 5.435 kilometres square, placing it on ranking list of 108 islands based on breadth of the world. The main town of Lombok Island is Mataram.
According to the Chronicle content of Lombok Island, the eldest kingdom once ruled was Laeq Kingdom (Laeq Sasak language means Past) and other sources of Suwung Chronicle. The oldest monarchy in Suwung kingdom Lombok was built and led by King Betarasense. Then subsided and was replaced by Lombok Kingdom. Stood Kingdom of Sasak later defeated by one kingdom from Bali in he 9th up to 11th AD. Some other kingdoms that once stood on the island of Lombok among others, like: Langko, Pejanggik, Bayan, Samarkaton and Selaparang.
Selaparang kingdom itself came in 2 periods on 13th and 16th century. The first was Selaparang Hindu kingdom and rule ended with arrival Majapahit kingdom expedition in 1357. The second Selaparang kingdom was Islam kingdom and the rule ended in 1740 after defeated by the combined kingdom of Karangasem Bali and Brittle which is treason against the royal family because of problems with Selaparang’s king.